Milk Thistle

Milk thistle flower and plant.

Milk thistle (Silybum marianum) has been used for over 2000 years to treat liver disorders and to aid nursing mothers increase milk production. Its main components include flavonolignans such as silymarin that exert protective effects attributed to regulation of inflammation, radical scavenging, antioxidant, chelating and anti-apoptotic properties. Milk thistle is protective against many toxic agents including mycotoxins, snake venoms and bacterial toxins, and chemical agents such as metals, fluoride, pesticides, cardiotoxic, neurotoxic, hepatotoxic, and nephrotoxic agents. In addition to directly protecting the heart, liver, brain and kidneys, milk thistle offer protection against atherosclerosis, diabetes, cirrhosis, cancer, and Alzheimer’s disease.


Bahmani, M., et al., Silybum marianum: Beyond Hepatoprotection. Journal of Evidence-Based Complementary & Alternative Medicine, 2015. 20(4): p. 292-301.

What Extremely Alive Tonics Contain Milk Thistle?