Star Anise

Star anise pieces, used in Extremely Alive tonics.

Star anise (Illicium verum) is an evergreen tree with star-shaped fruit that is used throughout Asia as a culinary spice for its strong, pungent and mildly sweet taste and as a traditional medicine for its antiviral effects. Star anise contains bioactive compounds including phenolic and flavonoid compounds with wide therapeutic actions including, antioxidant, antimicrobial, antifungal, anti-parasitic, secretolytic, antinociceptive, anti-inflammatory, gastroprotective, sedative, expectorant, spasmolytic and estrogenic properties. Star anise is a good natural source of shikimic acid, which is used to manufacture the antiviral medication oseltamivir (Tamiflu®) and may neutralize the damaging effects of spike protein and counteract blood clot formation.

References

Shahrajabian, M. H., Sun, W., & Cheng, Q. (2019). Chinese star anise and anise, magic herbs in traditional Chinese medicine and modern pharmaceutical science. Asian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, 5(3), 162–179. h

Patra, JK, Das, G, Bose, S, et al. Star anise (Illicium verum): Chemical compounds, antiviral properties, and clinical relevance. Phytotherapy Research. 2020; 34: 1248– 1267.

Rawat, G., Tripathi, P. & Saxena, R.K. Expanding horizons of shikimic acid. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 97, 4277–4287 (2013).

What Extremely Alive Tonics Contain Star Anise?